Willian McKinlay A Biography By Edgar Giron
DescriptionAdvanced level esl student project about American Presidents
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William McKinley Biography One of the main powers of the world "The United States" throughout its history to had in the government emblematic figures among them William McKinley. McKinley "" the 25th president of the U.S. "" got to be twice president of the United States. To Continuation, we will know his life before, during and after his government. McKinley was born on 29 January 1843 in Niles, Ohio. His parents were William and Nancy Allison McKinley. McKinley was a serious person with a determination to succeed. He attended school in Poland, Ohio, and then went to Allegheny College in Meadville, Pennsylvania. He left college before graduating and became a teacher in a rural school. When the civil war broke out in 1861, He enlisted as a private in the 23rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He impressed to his superiors with his initiative, and he rose to become an infantry's major. At the war's end, McKinley left the Army and returned to Ohio to study law. In 1869 he had opened a law office in Canton, Ohio Two years before he was elected prosecuting attorney, and with this he began a career in politics. In 1871, McKinley married Ida Saxton who was daughter of Canton's well- known banker. They had two children who died to early age. With this episode Ida became ill and remained invalid for the rest of her life. McKinley was elected as a republican to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1876. He was re - elected in several opportunities until 1890. As soon as McKinley had won the governorship of Ohio in 1891, he was appointed chairman of the Republican National Convention. By 1896 "" time of campaign "", McKinley felt ready to accept his party's nomination for the presidency. Also, Alonzo Hanna "" the most influential businessman in the Republican Party "" helped to him. The Democrats, with William Jennings Bryan as their candidate, campaigned on the issue of "free silver." Many people, especially farmers in the West, felt their economic hardships would end if the government restored unlimited coinage of silver money. Bryan, who was a good orator, toured the country urging his campaign. on the other hand, McKinley stayed at his home in Canton and conducted a "front-porch" campaign, speaking to groups of people who flocked to his home to listen to him. People in the East and West ""Businessmen, workers and farmers "" gave him their support and restore prosperity. McKinley was hard pressed to compete with him, but taking his friend Mark Hanna's advice McKinley did not try to out-talk Bryan. McKinley received 7,102,246 popular votes to Bryan's 6,492,559 and 271 electoral votes to Bryan's 176. By the time McKinley became president, the 1893 depression had begun to develop its course, and with it one extreme agitation in relation to the silver. The nation was seething with new growth, and many different interests sought dominance. McKinley was always interested in harmonizing with clashing interests. The most important event in McKinley's administration resulted from a crisis in Cuba. Revolts by Cubans against Spanish rule had broken out, and the Cubans appealed to the United States for help. The president, over all a peace man, had already promised to his opposition to any interference armed in the subjects of another one country. However, he decided to take part in this conflict. The Hispano-American war lasted less than four months and gave victory for the United States. The United States gained control on previous the Spanish possessions of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines, whereas Cuba gained its independence. The major issue of the 1900 campaign, in which McKinley was again opposed by Bryan, was imperialism. McKinley was reelected by a large margin. His second period, which had begun with much popularity, had a tragic outcome in September of 1901. While McKinley was crossing the Pan-American Exhibition in Buffalo, He was assassinated of two shots by an anarchist called Leon F. Czolgosz . William McKinley died eight days later. His Vice President Theodore Roosevelt became 26th president of the U.S. In memory of McKinley was sculpted a statue by Charles Henry Niehaus in Ohio. Significant Event That Occurred During William McKinley's Presidency In the government of McKinley occurred controversial facts of great importance. The events more important are the following: "¢ The Spanish American War: This was a military conflict between Spain and The United States. It developed on April and August, 1898 due to Cuba was suffering the Spanish oppression. This conflict began due to the rejection of Spain before the Americans who were demanding the independence of Cuba. The strong expansionist feeling of USA developed a plan to annex the territories of overseas of Spain, which were including The Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam. The revolution was developing in Cuba which motivated to USA sends the warship "Maine". This warship exploited and sunk. 266 crew members died in this incident. The reason of the explosion was not known in spite of it yellow journalists wrote that Spain was the culprit of the fact. On April 25, 1898 USA declared the War to Spain. USA gained the war taking possession of Manila and The Philippines. USA had taken possession of Santiago in Cuba and Puerto Rico before that Spain asked for the peace. "¢ Treaty of Paris: This one was created On December 10, 1898. With this agreement Spain was resigning to Cuba and Puerto Rico, Gum and The Philippines in exchange for 20 million dollars. "¢ The Boxer Rebellion: The secretary of State, John Hay, created the open door policy with which The United States was asking to China for the trade of all the nations in China. Nevertheless, in June, 1900 the boxer Rebellion happened in China which was directed to western missionaries and foreign communities. USA formed an alliance with Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia and Japan in order to stop the rebellion. "¢ Gold Standard Act: The most important final event during the government of McKinley was the Gold Standard Act Where by USA was officially placed on the Gold Standard. McKinley was shot two times by an anarchist Leon Czolgosz when the president was visiting the Pan "" American Exhibit in Buffalo, New Work on September 6, 1901.