Thomas Jeferson. A biography
DescriptionBy Carla Reyna, student of english
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Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States (1801""1809), and years ago the principal author of the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and the Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom and also he has had the charge how Vice President between 1797-1801and of governor of Virginia in 1779 and 1781 ; in another way, he was founder of the University of Virginia, caused the aspirations of a new America as not other of his time. He was an architect, archaeologist, historian, philosopher, and its mean he really served his country for a longer moment. Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743 at Shadwell (Virginia), he was the third of eight children, his father was Peter Jefferson was a successful planter and surveyor and his mother was Jane Randolph that became of Virginia's most distinguished families. First in 1752, Jefferson began to assist a local school by William Douglas, who was a minister. Then At the age of nine, Jefferson has been studying Latin, Greek, and French, five years later when he was 14 years old, his father died; so he received a heritage from his father, Jefferson began building his house when he was twenty-six years old, that was Monticello. After his father's death, he was teaching at the school of the minister James Maury, the school was in Fredericksville Parish near Gordonsville, Virginia, approximately 19 km from Shadwell, and for this time Jefferson stayed with Maury's family, in this place he received a classical education and studied history and science. In 1760 Jefferson was at the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg at the age of 16; he studied there for two years, and finally he had been graduated with highest honors in 1762, also he spoke perfectly his French, he carried his books wherever he went, Jefferson practiced the violin too, between other things, so Jefferson was a hard and really intelligent student; her parents has been bred with the tradition how studied fifteen hours a day, in his life he had a college friend, John Page of Rosewell, and he said that Jefferson was capacity to let or forget everything for his studies. Next, he married at age of twenty nine years old with Martha Wayles Skelton that actually was very happy with her until her death; they had six children but only two survived to adulthood. After that, he never married again and he decided maintained Monticello as his home and he always sprawling and restoring the house. In 1790 he accepted the post of secretary of state under his friend George Washington. His position was sure by his opposition to the pro-British policies of Alexander Hamilton. However in 1796, as the presidential candidate of the Democratic Republicans, he became Vice President. Finally, four years later, he won Adams and became president. Perhaps the most notable achievements of his first term were the obtain of the Louisiana Territory in 1803, his second ideal were his efforts to maintain neutrality in the midst of the conflict between Britain and France. Fortunately Jefferson was succeeded as president in 1809, and during the last seventeen years of his life. In this moment, he put his collection of books to the government to form the Library of Congress. Jefferson wanted to promote the agriculture and it will better for the farmers. However Alexander Hamilton didn't agree with him, Hamilton had been wanted to do a nation of commerce and manufacturing, which Jefferson thought that his idea became a lot of corruption at the nation. After that Jefferson's period finished, he continued doing many things for the people. He founded an institution of higher learning, where the students could specialize in many new areas. Jefferson believed that give education was a good way to form a better society, and also he felt that schools should be paid for by the general public. His dream was realized in 1819 because he had founded the University of Virginia, that was one of the largest construction projects in the time of North America and this university had a big bibliotheca. Until his death, Jefferson invited students and faculty of the school to his home. Jefferson died on July 4, 1826, just hours before his close friend John Adams, on the fiftieth anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. He was eighty-three years old. I think, his kind of man teach us what to achieve own goals we have to be persevering and try to figure out all kind of problems with optimistic and bravery but don't forgetting the ethic that which one of us should to have.